Reference List for Yoga, Mindfulness, and Chronic Pain

Yoga for Low Back Pain

  1. Cramer, H., Lauche, R., Haller, H., Dobos, G. A  systematic review and meta-analysis of yoga for low back pain.  Clinical Journal of Pain, 2013; 29: 450-460.

  2. Galantino, M., Bzdewka, T., Eissler-Russo, J., Holbrook, M., Mogck, E., Geigle, P., Farrar, J. The impact of modified hatha yoga on chronic low back pain: a pilot study.  Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 2004; 10 (2): 56-59.

  3. Grossel, E., Weingart, K., Aschbacher, K., Pada, L., Baxi, S.  Yoga for veterans with chronic low-back pain.  The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 2008; 14(9): 1123–1129.

  4. Kolasinski, S.L., Garfinkel, M., Tsai, A.G., Matz, W., Van Dyke, A., Schumacher, H.R. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. August 2005, 11(4): 689-693. doi:10.1089/acm.2005.11.689.

  5. Chuang L., Soares M., Tilbrook, H., Cox, H.,  Hewitt, C., Aplin, J., Semlyen, A., Trewhela, A., Watt, I., Torgerson, D. A Pragmatic Multicentered Randomized Controlled Trial of Yoga for Chronic Low Back Pain: Economic Evaluation.  SPINE, 2012; Volume 37, Number 18, pp 1593–1601

  6. Robert B. Saper, MD, MPH; Chelsey Lemaster, MS, MPH; Anthony Delitto, PhD, PT; Karen J. Sherman, PhD, MPH, et. al. (2017). Yoga, Physical Therapy, or Education for Chronic Low Back Pain. A Randomized Noninferiority Trial. Annals of Internal Medicine.

  7. Saper, R., Boah, A., Keosaian, J., Cerrada, C., Weinberg, J., Sherman, K. Comparing Once- versus Twice-Weekly Yoga Classes for Chronic Low Back Pain in Predominantly Low Income Minorities: A Randomized Dosing Trial. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013.

  8. Saper, R., Sherman, K., Cullum-Dugan, D., Davis, R., Phillips, R., Culpepper, L.  Yoga for chronic low back pain in a predominately minority population:  A pilot randomized controlled trial.  Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 2009; 15 (6): 18-27.

  9. Sherman, K., Cherkin, D., Cook, A., Hawkes, R., Deyo, R., Wellman, R., Khalsa, P.  Comparison of yoga versus stretching for chronic low back pain: protocol for the yoga exercise self-care (YES) trial.   Trials, 2010; 11 (36).

  10. Sherman, K., Cherkin, D., Wellman, R., Cook, A., Hawkes, R., Delaney, K., Deyo, R. A randomized trial comparing yoga, stretching and a self-care book for chronic low back pain.  Archives of Internal Medicine, 2011; 171 (22): 2019-2026.

  11. Tillbrook, H., Cox , H., Hewitt, C., Kang’ombe, A., Chuang, L., Jayakody, S., Aplin, J., Semlyen, A., Trewhela, A., Watt, A., Torgerson, D. Yoga for chronic low back pain: A randomized trial. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2011; 155: 569-578.

  12. Ward, L., Stebbings, S., Sherman, K., Cherkin, D., Baxter, GD.  Establishing key components of yoga interventions for musculoskeletal conditions: a Delphi survey.  BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2014, 14:196.

  13. Williams, K., Abildso, C., Steinberg, L., Doyle, E., Epstein, B., Smith, D., Hobbs, G., Gross, R., Kelley, G., Cooper, L.  Evaluation of the Effectiveness and Efficacy of Iyengar Yoga Therapy on Chronic Low Back Pain.  Spine, 2009; 34 (19): 2066-2076

Chronic Pain

Lotze, M, Moseley, GL. Theoretical considerations for chronic pain rehabilitation. Physical Therapy 2015, 95: (9).

Booth, J, Moseley, GL,  Exercise for chronic musculoskeletal pain: A biopsychosocial approach. Musculoskeletal Care, 2017; 1-9.

Kieran O’Sullivan, Wim Dankaerts, Leonard O’Sullivan, Peter B. O’Sullivan. Cognitive Functional Therapy for Disabling Nonspecific Chronic Low Back Pain: Multiple Case-Cohort Study. Physical Therapy 2015; 95 (11).

Ambrose, K, Golightly, Y.  Physical exercise as non-pharmacological treatment of chronic pain: Why and when. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2015 February ; 29(1): 120–130. doi:10.1016/j.berh.2015.04.022

Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, PT, MSc Daniel Muñoz-García, PT, MScAlfonso Gil-Martínez, PT, MSc Joaquín Pardo-Montero, PhD Rosa Muñoz-Plata, PT, MScSantiago Angulo-Díaz-Parreño, MSc Miguel Gómez-Martínez, OT, PhDRoy La Touche, PT, MSc, PhD.  A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on the Effectiveness of Graded Activity and Graded Exposure for Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain   Pain Medicine, Volume 17, Issue 1, 1 January 2016, Pages 172–188

The Neural Bases of Social Pain: Evidence for Shared Representations With Physical Pain, Psychosomatic Medicine: February/March 2012 - Volume 74 - Issue 2 - p 126–135, doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e3182464dd1


Cherkin, D., Sherman, K., Balderson, B., Cook, A., Anderson, M., Hawkes, J., Hansen, K., Turner, J. (2016) Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care on Back Pain and Functional Limitations in Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain:  A Randomized Clinical Trial.  JAMA. 2016;315(12):1240-1249. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2323.  

Malarkey, W., Jarjoura, D., Klatt, M., (2013). Workplace based mindfulness practice and inflammation:  A randomized trial.  Brain, Behavior and Immunity; 27, 145-154.

Hasse, L., May, AC., Falahpourr, M., Isakovic, S., (2015).  A pilot study investigating changes in neural processing after mindfulness training in elite athletes.  Front Behav Neuroscience, Aug 27; 9:229

Grecucci, A., Pappaianni, E., Suigzdaite, R., Theuninck, A., Job, R.  (2015)  Mindful Emotion Regulation: Exploring the Neurocognitive Mechanisms behind Mindfulness.  Biomedical Research International;

Shapiro, Shauna L.; Astin, John A.; Bishop, Scott R.; Cordova, Matthew. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Health Care Professionals: Results From a Randomized Trial.  .  International Journal of Stress Management, Vol 12(2), May 2005, 164-176


Breathe: The Simple, Revolutionary 14-Day Program to Improve Your Mental and Physical Health (2016). Belisa Vranich

Buddha’s Brain: The Practical Neuroscience of Happiness, Love and Wisdom (2009). Rick Hanson

Yoga for Pain Relief (2009). Kelly McGonigal

Full Catastrophe Living:  Using the Wisdom of the Body to Face Stress, Pain and Illness (2013). Jon Kabat-Zinn

Mindfulness for Beginners: Reclaiming the Present Moment - and Your Life (2013). Jon Kabat-Zinn (CD of Guided Mindfulness)

You Are Not Your Pain: Using Mindfulness to Relieve Pain, Reduce Stress, and Restore Well-Being---An Eight-Week Program (2013). Danny Penman and Vidyamala Burch  (CD of Guided Mindfulness)

Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead (2012). Brené Brown

Rising Strong: How the Ability to Reset Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead (2017).  Brené Brown

Sitting Kills, Moving Heals:  How Everyday Movement will Prevent, Pain, Injury and Early Death -- and Exercise Along Won't (2011).  Joan Vernikos

The Mindful Athlete:  Secrets to Pure Performance (2015). George Mumford

Yoga, The Path to Holistic Health (2001).  BKS Iyengar

Internet Articles

Eisenberger, 2006:

Empathy Research,


Why do we have pain? Lorimer Mosely: youtube

Cognitive Functional Therapy, Peter O’Sullivan: