Lifestyle Health

Loef M, Walach H. The combined effects of healthy lifestyle behaviors on all cause mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Prev Med. 2012 Sep;55(3):163-70. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.06.017. Epub 2012 Jun 24.

Veronese NLi Y3, Manson JEWillett WCFontana LHu FB. Combined associations of body weight and lifestyle factors with all cause and cause specific mortality in men and women: prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2016 Nov 24;355:i5855. doi: 10.1136/bmj.i5855.

Bredesen DE, Sharlin K, Jenkins D, Okuno M, Youngberg W, et al. (2018) Reversal of Cognitive Decline: 100 Patients. J Alzheimers Dis Parkinsonism 8: 450. Doi: 10.4172/2161-0460.1000450

Bredesen DE, Amos EC, Canick J, Ackerley M, Raji C, Fiala M, Ahdidan J. Reversal of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease. Aging (Albany NY). 2016 Jun;8(6):1250-8. doi: 10.18632/aging.100981.

McKenzie ALHallberg SJCreighton BCVolk BMLink TMAbner MKGlon RMMcCarter JPVolek JSPhinney SD. A Novel Intervention Including Individualized Nutritional Recommendations Reduces Hemoglobin A1c Level, Medication Use, and Weight in Type 2 Diabetes. JMIR Diabetes. 2017 Mar 7;2(1):e5. doi: 10.2196/diabetes.6981.

Dean E. Maximizing the Functional Performance Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Rehabilitation by Maximizing Their Overall Health and Wellbeing. J Hum Kinet. 2018 Dec 31;65:57-68. doi: 10.2478/hukin-2018-0039. eCollection 2018 Dec.

Porges SW. The polyvagal theory: new insights into adaptive reactions of the autonomic nervous system. Cleve Clin J Med. 2009 Apr;76 Suppl 2:S86-90. doi: 10.3949/ccjm.76.s2.17.

Keefe FJMain CJGeorge SZ.Phys Ther.  Advancing Psychologically Informed Practice for Patients With Persistent Musculoskeletal Pain: Promise, Pitfalls, and Solutions. 2018 May 1;98(5):398-407. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzy024.

Chronic Pain

Lotze, M, Moseley, GL. Theoretical considerations for chronic pain rehabilitation. Physical Therapy 2015, 95: (9).

Booth, J, Moseley, GL,  Exercise for chronic musculoskeletal pain: A biopsychosocial approach. Musculoskeletal Care, 2017; 1-9.

Kieran O’Sullivan, Wim Dankaerts, Leonard O’Sullivan, Peter B. O’Sullivan. Cognitive Functional Therapy for Disabling Nonspecific Chronic Low Back Pain: Multiple Case-Cohort Study. Physical Therapy 2015; 95 (11).

Ambrose, K, Golightly, Y.  Physical exercise as non-pharmacological treatment of chronic pain: Why and when. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2015 February ; 29(1): 120–130. doi:10.1016/j.berh.2015.04.022

Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, PT, MSc Daniel Muñoz-García, PT, MScAlfonso Gil-Martínez, PT, MSc Joaquín Pardo-Montero, PhD Rosa Muñoz-Plata, PT, MScSantiago Angulo-Díaz-Parreño, MSc Miguel Gómez-Martínez, OT, PhDRoy La Touche, PT, MSc, PhD.  A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on the Effectiveness of Graded Activity and Graded Exposure for Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain   Pain Medicine, Volume 17, Issue 1, 1 January 2016, Pages 172–188

The Neural Bases of Social Pain: Evidence for Shared Representations With Physical Pain, Psychosomatic Medicine: February/March 2012 - Volume 74 - Issue 2 - p 126–135, doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e3182464dd1

Yoga for Low Back Pain

  1. Cramer, H., Lauche, R., Haller, H., Dobos, G. A  systematic review and meta-analysis of yoga for low back pain.  Clinical Journal of Pain, 2013; 29: 450-460.

  2. Galantino, M., Bzdewka, T., Eissler-Russo, J., Holbrook, M., Mogck, E., Geigle, P., Farrar, J. The impact of modified hatha yoga on chronic low back pain: a pilot study.  Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 2004; 10 (2): 56-59.

  3. Grossel, E., Weingart, K., Aschbacher, K., Pada, L., Baxi, S.  Yoga for veterans with chronic low-back pain.  The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 2008; 14(9): 1123–1129.

  4. Kolasinski, S.L., Garfinkel, M., Tsai, A.G., Matz, W., Van Dyke, A., Schumacher, H.R. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. August 2005, 11(4): 689-693. doi:10.1089/acm.2005.11.689.

  5. Chuang L., Soares M., Tilbrook, H., Cox, H.,  Hewitt, C., Aplin, J., Semlyen, A., Trewhela, A., Watt, I., Torgerson, D. A Pragmatic Multicentered Randomized Controlled Trial of Yoga for Chronic Low Back Pain: Economic Evaluation.  SPINE, 2012; Volume 37, Number 18, pp 1593–1601

  6. Robert B. Saper, MD, MPH; Chelsey Lemaster, MS, MPH; Anthony Delitto, PhD, PT; Karen J. Sherman, PhD, MPH, et. al. (2017). Yoga, Physical Therapy, or Education for Chronic Low Back Pain. A Randomized Noninferiority Trial. Annals of Internal Medicine.

  7. Saper, R., Boah, A., Keosaian, J., Cerrada, C., Weinberg, J., Sherman, K. Comparing Once- versus Twice-Weekly Yoga Classes for Chronic Low Back Pain in Predominantly Low Income Minorities: A Randomized Dosing Trial. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013.

  8. Saper, R., Sherman, K., Cullum-Dugan, D., Davis, R., Phillips, R., Culpepper, L.  Yoga for chronic low back pain in a predominately minority population:  A pilot randomized controlled trial.  Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 2009; 15 (6): 18-27.

  9. Sherman, K., Cherkin, D., Cook, A., Hawkes, R., Deyo, R., Wellman, R., Khalsa, P.  Comparison of yoga versus stretching for chronic low back pain: protocol for the yoga exercise self-care (YES) trial.   Trials, 2010; 11 (36).

  10. Sherman, K., Cherkin, D., Wellman, R., Cook, A., Hawkes, R., Delaney, K., Deyo, R. A randomized trial comparing yoga, stretching and a self-care book for chronic low back pain.  Archives of Internal Medicine, 2011; 171 (22): 2019-2026.

  11. Tillbrook, H., Cox , H., Hewitt, C., Kang’ombe, A., Chuang, L., Jayakody, S., Aplin, J., Semlyen, A., Trewhela, A., Watt, A., Torgerson, D. Yoga for chronic low back pain: A randomized trial. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2011; 155: 569-578.

  12. Ward, L., Stebbings, S., Sherman, K., Cherkin, D., Baxter, GD.  Establishing key components of yoga interventions for musculoskeletal conditions: a Delphi survey.  BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2014, 14:196.

  13. Williams, K., Abildso, C., Steinberg, L., Doyle, E., Epstein, B., Smith, D., Hobbs, G., Gross, R., Kelley, G., Cooper, L.  Evaluation of the Effectiveness and Efficacy of Iyengar Yoga Therapy on Chronic Low Back Pain.  Spine, 2009; 34 (19): 2066-2076


Cherkin, D., Sherman, K., Balderson, B., Cook, A., Anderson, M., Hawkes, J., Hansen, K., Turner, J. (2016) Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care on Back Pain and Functional Limitations in Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain:  A Randomized Clinical Trial.  JAMA. 2016;315(12):1240-1249. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2323.  

Malarkey, W., Jarjoura, D., Klatt, M., (2013). Workplace based mindfulness practice and inflammation:  A randomized trial.  Brain, Behavior and Immunity; 27, 145-154.

Hasse, L., May, AC., Falahpourr, M., Isakovic, S., (2015).  A pilot study investigating changes in neural processing after mindfulness training in elite athletes.  Front Behav Neuroscience, Aug 27; 9:229

Grecucci, A., Pappaianni, E., Suigzdaite, R., Theuninck, A., Job, R.  (2015)  Mindful Emotion Regulation: Exploring the Neurocognitive Mechanisms behind Mindfulness.  Biomedical Research International;

Shapiro, Shauna L.; Astin, John A.; Bishop, Scott R.; Cordova, Matthew. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Health Care Professionals: Results From a Randomized Trial.  .  International Journal of Stress Management, Vol 12(2), May 2005, 164-176


Breathe: The Simple, Revolutionary 14-Day Program to Improve Your Mental and Physical Health (2016). Belisa Vranich

Buddha’s Brain: The Practical Neuroscience of Happiness, Love and Wisdom (2009). Rick Hanson

Yoga for Pain Relief (2009). Kelly McGonigal

Full Catastrophe Living:  Using the Wisdom of the Body to Face Stress, Pain and Illness (2013). Jon Kabat-Zinn

Mindfulness for Beginners: Reclaiming the Present Moment - and Your Life (2013). Jon Kabat-Zinn (CD of Guided Mindfulness)

You Are Not Your Pain: Using Mindfulness to Relieve Pain, Reduce Stress, and Restore Well-Being---An Eight-Week Program (2013). Danny Penman and Vidyamala Burch  (CD of Guided Mindfulness)

Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead (2012). Brené Brown

Rising Strong: How the Ability to Reset Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead (2017).  Brené Brown

Sitting Kills, Moving Heals:  How Everyday Movement will Prevent, Pain, Injury and Early Death -- and Exercise Along Won't (2011).  Joan Vernikos

The Mindful Athlete:  Secrets to Pure Performance (2015). George Mumford

Yoga, The Path to Holistic Health (2001).  BKS Iyengar

Internet Articles

Eisenberger, 2006:

Empathy Research,


Why do we have pain? Lorimer Mosely: youtube

Cognitive Functional Therapy, Peter O’Sullivan: